The Vitamins, Minerals, and Beneficial Compounds of Manuka Honey

Manuka honey has become a household name due to its numerous health benefits and medicinal uses. It is not only a sweet delight for the taste buds, but also a nourishing substance that contributes to overall wellness. Let’s delve deeper into the rich nutritional content of Manuka honey, dominated by sugar, essential minerals, vitamins, and numerous beneficial compounds.

manuka honey

Nutritional Content of Manuka Honey

At its core, honey is a nutrient-rich food. Consuming it regularly can support a range of physiological functions due to the nourishment it provides. This is true for all kinds of honey, but certain varieties, like Manuka, go a step further. So, what does Manuka honey contain?


Manuka honey boasts a variety of micronutrients, majorly contributing to digestion, absorption, and metabolism. Of these, around 30 minerals are prevalent, including but not limited to calcium, copper, iron, phosphorus, sulfur, magnesium, potassium, sodium, chlorine, and zinc. Interestingly, several essential trace elements such as silicon, rubidium, vanadium, zirconium, lithium, and strontium can also be located in the honey.

It’s important to note that honey can also possibly contain toxic heavy metals due to human error or improper practices, so always ensure you’re sourcing your honey from reliable producers.


Manuka honey is also rich in macronutrients, specifically in simple sugars like fructose and glucose which provide much-needed energy. It also contains proteins, free amino acids, and enzymes, broadening its nutrient profile.

Please note: The nutritional value of Manuka honey, like other kinds, depends largely on the nectar, honeydew, and/or pollen grains it contains, which can vary based on floral source, season, and local environment.

Variety of Compounds

According to the Unique Manuka Factor Honey Association (UMFHA), Manuka honey is known to possess over 2000 unique compounds. These elements not only define the honey’s distinct taste and texture but also contribute to its renowned health advantages.

Bioactive Compounds in Manuka Honey

Beyond the conventional nutrients, Manuka honey is loaded with bioactive compounds that contribute to its unique taste and health benefits.

Methylglyoxal (MGO)

Methylglyoxal, or MGO, is the primary antibacterial compound present in Manuka honey. This bioactive compound is largely responsible for Manuka honey’s reported health advantages.

Flavonoids and Polyphenols

Manuka honey also contains bioactive molecules known as flavonoids and polyphenols, which serve as antioxidants. The key flavonoids identified in Manuka honey include pinobanksin, pinocembrin, and chrysin, whereas others like luteolin, quercetin, and isorhamnetin occur in trace amounts. These flavonoids enhance the honey’s antioxidant potency.

Other Beneficial Compounds

Manuka honey is also abundant in other components such as propolis, comprising galangin, pinocembrin, and phenolic acids, all of which are recognized for their anti-inflammatory effects. Additional notable constituents contributing to the honey’s unique properties include methyl syringate, 3-phenyllactic acid, and ortho-methoxyacetophenone.

The production of D-glucono-δ-lactone lowers the pH level of Manuka honey. This, when combined with high sugar osmolarity, strengthens its antibacterial properties and contributes to its shelf stability.

Other chemical substances, including kojic acid, unedone, and lumichrome, have been discovered in Manuka honey. Kojic acid is especially noteworthy since it’s used in several antifungal products to boost their efficacy.

The table below shows the most common compounds found in manuka honey.

Phenolic Acid and FlavonoidsOther Compounds
Caffeic acidDehydrovomifoliol
Gallic acidKojic acid
Isoferulic acidLeptosin
LuteolinMethyl syringate
PinobanksinPhenylacetic acid
PinocembrinPhenyllactic acid
Quercetin2-Methoxybenzoic acid
Syringin acid3-Deoxyglucosulose
p-Coumaric acid4-Methoxyphenolactic acid
4-Hydrobenzoic acid5-Hydroxymethylfurfural

Enzymes in Manuka Honey

The enzymatic profile of Manuka honey is quite extensive, with the presence of enzymes like diastase, invertases, glucose oxidase, catalase, and acid phosphatase. Most noteworthy is the abundance of glucose oxidase, which converts glucose into hydrogen peroxide, lending the honey its antimicrobial properties.

Vitamins in Manuka Honey

Even though the vitamin content in Manuka honey is not extraordinary, it still contains several B vitamins including Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pantothenic acid, Pyridoxine, and Folic acid, and a noteworthy amount of Vitamin C. Please note that it lacks vitamins B12, E, and D.

Thiamine (B1)Sodium (Na)
Riboflavin (B2)Calcium (Ca)
Niacin (B3)Potassium (K)
Pantothenic acid (B5)Magnesium (Mg)
Pyridoxine (B6)Phosphorus (P)
Folic acid (B9)Selenium (Se)
Ascorbic acid (C)Copper (Cu)
Phyllochinon (K)Iron (Fe)
Manganese (Mn)
Chromium (Cr)
Zinc (Zn)
Sulphur (S)
Chlorine (Cl)
Fluoride (F)

Final Thoughts

Whether you enjoy a spoonful of Manuka honey for its sweet taste or incorporate it into your diet for its nourishing benefits, remember that moderation is key.

Manuka honey is an asset to your diet, filled with beneficial vitamins, minerals, and other elements, but it is not a standalone solution for health. It should complement a nutritious diet and healthy lifestyle. As with all dietary changes, it’s advisable to consult a healthcare provider, especially if you’re managing a specific health condition.

When choosing Manuka honey, look for the UMF™ label, which is a quality marker that helps consumers identify pure, unadulterated Manuka honey, with a higher UMF™ indicating a greater concentration of beneficial compounds.

Add Comment